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Thursday, April 4, 2013

Trust and Amanah , Sadiq , Ameen- Applying section 62, 63 Constituion of Pakistsanin

There is debate on the application of Article 62, 63 of Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, according to which the person to be elected member of Parliament [legislator] should be Sadiq and Ameen [Truthful & Trustworthy]. There is a group including "scholars" who think that "Sadiq and Ameen" are the traits of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Which is a correct statement but by implication they mean that it should not be applied to any one else! Every one is aware that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is role model for Muslims, who love him and follow his Sunnah in every possible way. It is not understandable that why Muslims should not be "Sadiq and Ameen"? No where in Quran or Sunnah Muslims have been exempted to be "Sadiq and Ameen", rather on the controary they are commanded to be as clearly evident from Quran 4:68-59. 
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Apart from Islam; "honesty and trustworhiness"  is a common human trait of ethics, accepted and practiced all over the world irrrespective of race or religion. 
Here is an interesting snapshot of Tweets by Sana Bucha (journalist, TV anchor, Tahir Asharafi, a liberal religious scholar & Aftab Khan) exchanges:

صادق و امین یا بد دیانت دھوکے باز 

"...nor sell my revelations for a trifling price...." (Quran; 2:41)

It basically warns against ignoring the verses of the Almighty for the petty reason of love of this world. In other words, the Qur'an is telling us that when the Almighty demands from us sacrifice for the sake of religion, like spending wealth in his way, or accepting the opinion of someone whom we otherwise don't like, we have to, indeed, sacrifice our wealth or pride. Those who don't respond to the Almighty's call, are, as if, selling the Almighty's verses and purchasing petty worldly gains in exchange. The Jews, who are the direct addressees of this verse, were especially guilty of this crime, when they refused to accept prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu alaihi wassallam, as the messenger of Allah. And this for the petty reason that they did not want to accept a prophet from Bani Isma'il, who they thought was an inferior race to theirs.

Jesus Christ [peace be upon] said: “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You give a tenth of your spices—mint, dill and cumin. But you have neglected the more important matters of the law—justice, mercy and faithfulness. You should have practiced the latter, without neglecting the former. You blind guides! You strain out a gnat but swallow a camel. “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence. Blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup and dish, and then the outside also will be clean. “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on the outside but on the inside are full of the bones of the dead and everything unclean. In the same way, on the outside you appear to people as righteous but on the inside you are full of hypocrisy and wickedness." [Matthew 23:23-27, NIV]
In other words, they (teachers of law. religous peole, clergy) were extremely picky about the "little things" (imagine going through your spice rack every week and taking out a tenth of everything in it to give to God, as Jesus described them doing), but foolishly careless regarding the "big things," overlooking weightier matters of true importance; specifically justice, mercy and faith.
A modern comparison comes to mind: being obsessive about the air pressure in your car's tires, but never checking the oil level in the engine. You're straining out a gnat (your car's "rolling resistance" is perfect!) but swallowing a camel (burning the motor up through negligence).
The way Returning Officers applying 62,63 .... ignoring real issue of corruption of billions but asking of Kalams and Ayas.

The Command to Return the Trusts to Whomever They are Due
 إِنَّ اللَّـهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَن تُؤَدُّوا الْأَمَانَاتِ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهَا وَإِذَا حَكَمْتُم بَيْنَ النَّاسِ أَن تَحْكُمُوا بِالْعَدْلِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ نِعِمَّا يَعِظُكُم بِهِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ كَانَ سَمِيعًا بَصِيرًا﴿٥٨ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّـهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ ۖ فَإِن تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّـهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِن كُنتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّـهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا﴿٥٩
اللہ تعالیٰ تمہیں تاکیدی حکم دیتا ہے کہ امانت والوں کی امانتیں انہیں پہنچاؤ! اور جب لوگوں کا فیصلہ کرو تو عدل وانصاف سے فیصلہ کرو! یقیناً وه بہتر چیز ہے جس کی نصیحت تمہیں اللہ تعالیٰ کر رہا ہے۔ بے شک اللہ تعالیٰ سنتا ہے، دیکھتا ہے (58) اے ایمان والو! فرمانبرداری کرو اللہ تعالیٰ کی اور فرمانبرداری کرو رسول (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) کی اور تم میں سے اختیار والوں کی۔ پھر اگر کسی چیز میں اختلاف کرو تو اسے لوٹاؤ، اللہ تعالیٰ کی طرف اور رسول کی طرف، اگر تمہیں اللہ تعالیٰ پر اور قیامت کے دن پر ایمان ہے۔ یہ بہت بہتر ہے اور باعتبار انجام کے بہت اچھا ہے۔ 4:58,59)
Indeed, Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judge between people to judge with justice. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. Indeed, Allah is ever Hearing and Seeing. O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is the best [way] and best in result. (Quran 4:58-59)
As to who is the addressee of this command, there are two probabilities: It could have been addressed to the general body of Muslims, or it could have been addressed particularly to those in authority. What is more obvious here is that the ayah is addressed to everyone who holds anything in trust. This includes the masses and also those in authority.
The Emphasis Laid on Fulfilling Trust Obligations
The functional outcome of the command in the ayah is that everyone who holds anything in trust with him is duty-bound to see that trust obligations are faithfully fulfilled and that the rightful recipients have in their hands what is their due. The Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam has laid great stress on the fulfillment of trust obligations. Anas radhiAllahu anhu says: It must have been a rare sermon indeed in which the Prophet may not have said the following words,
“One who does not fulfill trust obligations has no Faith (emaan) with him; and one who does not stand by his word of promise has no religion with him.”[Reported by al-Baihaqi in Shu’ab al-Iman]
Breach of Trust is a Sign of Hypocrisy
According to narrations from Abu Hurairah and Ibn Umar radhiAllahu anhum appearing in al-Bukhari and Muslim, the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam while describing the signs of hypocrisy on a certain day, pointed out to a particular sign which was:
“Give him an amanah and he will do khiyanah.
It means when a hypocrite is charged with a trust obligation, he will commit a breach of trust.
Kinds of Trust Obligations
Here, worth pondering is the Qur’anic use of the word, Amanat which is in the plural form. This is to hint that amanah (trust obligation) is not simply limited to cash or kind which someone may have entrusted to someone else for safe-keeping until demanded, which is the most prevailing and commonly understood form of amanah. The cue is that there are other kinds of amanah as well. For example, the incident mentioned earlier under the background of the revelation of this ayah does not have financial aspect to it. The key to the Baytullah was not a financial asset. Instead, this key was a symbol of the office of the serving keeper of the Baytullah.

صادق و امین یا بد دیانت دھوکے باز http://t.co/Y4cWwc0sI9
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