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Tuesday, May 16, 2017

Software and Business Development پاکستان میں سافٹ ویئر کا بزنس ڈویلپمنٹ میں کردار اور اہمیت

In today’s modern age, almost every household has at least one computer system to use, and almost every family member knows how to use it and surf the internet. In fact, even a four year old kid knows how to surf the net or even play several RPG games using their computer.

A computer will not work without installing the computer software required in order to make it work. Since users may have different preferences on what they need and want to be installed on their PC, which would mean that every users will require different computer software to be installed to use it. This simply means that every computer system in each household or establishment may have different kinds of computer software installed on their PCs, depending on what they will need the most. In fact, we can install the computer software that we need on our PC, while removing or uninstalling the others that we don t need, as long as it is not a system software that is required in order for your machine to function.

Of course, besides for personal use, computers and computer software are a business necessity in order for their company to work and function at its best. Consequently, different types of computer software are necessary depending on the nature of business of the company. There are database management computer software, inventory and point of sales computer software, content management systems and many others.

For example, an information management computer software program such as student records system is a must for every school or university in order to keep track and maintain the records of either past or present students. For a department store, a POS or point of sales system is needed in order to keep track of sales and make every transaction as fast and efficient as possible. While a content management system is a great help for online marketers and webmasters to be able to manage bulk content in the most efficient and easiest way.

Aside from what we already mentioned, there are so many other types of computer software that play a vital role in every kind of business. In fact, most of these companies are willing to invest a lot just to have the finest and top quality software to give them the best performance with minimal or zero bugs. Nowadays, almost all businesses depend highly on transactions and processes that are done automatically with the use of high-end computer programs. The softwares effectiveness and efficiency are a must and should be given top priority.

While some businesses choose to hire programmers to create software that is customized to work for their particular business functions, others find it better to buy ready made computer software that is sold by a reputable software distributor. Whichever type you may prefer, always remember to use only quality computer software and buy only the original software. Quality would include efficiency, effectiveness and after sales support provided by the distributor. It would be best if the program is also user friendly to be used with much ease even by first time users. If it is required to function online, it should also have the best security features to save your business from potential hackers.
  Software engineering is the study and an application of engineering to the design, development, and maintenance of software. The Bureau of Labor Statistics’ definition is “Research, design, develop, and test operating systems-level software, compilers, and network distribution software for medical, industrial, military, communications, aerospace, business, scientific, and general computing applications.”

Typical formal definitions of software engineering are:

“the systematic application of scientific and technological knowledge, methods, and experience to the design, implementation, testing, and documentation of software”;
“the application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software”;
“an engineering discipline that is concerned with all aspects of software production”;
and “the establishment and use of sound engineering principles in order to economically obtain software that is reliable and works efficiently on real machines

Software engineering normally lies under the discipline of computer science. It deals with the making of software and OS for computer systems. In Pakistan this field is also growing very rapidly. In coming future it will also become one of the main branches of engineering like civil and mechanical. With software permeating virtually all aspects of our work in our society, a software Engineering graduate has the option to work in many different sectors such as telecommunications, finance, health care, manufacturing, retailing, security, transport. Other engineering areas like aeronautical, automotive, building, electrical, etc. also have increasing needs for software engineering. The entertainment industry with video games and movie animation also has a large demand for Software Engineers.

As a Software Engineer you will be a qualified professional involved in the technical work of designing, coding, and testing large software products. You will also be responsible for tasks such as directing projects, managing teams, estimating costs and resources, assessing business plans, reviewing proposals and suggesting innovations. The growth of information technology has given rise to many careers and computer software engineering is one of the careers that one can pursue in this field. A computer software engineer deals exclusively with the software part of the computer. Their function is to develop, design and assess software and all the systems that a computer uses to function. The demand for software engineers is high at the moment because of the advancement of IT. To be able to work confidently in this career one needs at least a degree. A keen interest in computers will help you grow in this career.

Scope of Software Engineering in Pakistan:
Pakistan is included amongst one of those countries which have highest demand for software engineers at the moment because of the advancement of IT and its applications. To be able to work confidently in this career. In the passage of time ranging from the last decade Pakistan has created a wide market and growth in the software engineering department including both private and government sectors. According to a US technical magazine, Software Engineering is the fastest growing job in the world and is likely to become the most paid job near 2020. Software Engineering is in high demand in the private sector in Pakistan. Low economy firms employ a high number of software engineers to carry out data handling jobs. New websites in Pakistan has also created new job opportunities for software engineers. The continuous expansion in the IT sector of Pakistan will surely saturate the engineering industry with Software Engineers. Although not at the first priority of many students, software engineering is one of the most promising fields to start your career.

The average salary for a Software Engineer is $10,765 per year. Most people move on to other jobs if they have more than 10 years’ experience in this career.
Business software or a business application is any software or set of computer programs used by business users to perform various business functions. These business applications are used to increase productivity, to measure productivity and to perform other business functions accurately.
By and large, business software is likely to be developed to meet the needs of a specific business, and therefore is not easily transferable to a different business environment, unless its nature and operation is identical. Due to the unique requirements of each business, off-the-shelf software is unlikely to completely address a company's needs. However, where an on-the-shelf solution is necessary, due to time or monetary considerations, some level of customization is likely to be required. Exceptions do exist, depending on the business in question, and thorough research is always required before committing to bespoke or off-the-shelf solutions.
Some business applications are interactive, i.e., they have a graphical user interface or user interface and users can query/modify/input data and view results instantaneously. They can also run reports instantaneously. Some business applications run in batch mode: they are set up to run based on a predetermined event/time and a business user does not need to initiate them or monitor them.
Some business applications are built in-house and some are bought from vendors (off the shelf software products). These business applications are installed on either desktops or big servers. Prior to the introduction of COBOL (a universal compiler) in 1965, businesses developed their own unique machine language. RCA's language consisted of a 12-position instruction. For example, to read a record into memory, the first two digits would be the instruction (action) code. The next four positions of the instruction (an 'A' address) would be the exact leftmost memory location where you want the readable character to be placed. Four positions (a 'B' address) of the instruction would note the very rightmost memory location where you want the last character of the record to be located. A two digit 'B' address also allows a modification of any instruction. Instruction codes and memory designations excluded the use of 8's or 9's. The first RCA business application was implemented in 1962 on a 4k RCA 301. The RCA 301, mid frame 501, and large frame 601 began their marketing in early 1960.
Many kinds of users are found within the business environment, and can be categorized by using a small, medium and large matrix:

Technologies that previously only existed in peer-to-peer software applications, like Kazaa and Napster, are starting to appear within business applications. (Wikipdia)
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