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Democracy’s woes

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OVER 2,000 years ago, Plato was sceptical of democracy because he felt that voters, even though restricted to property-owning male citizens, were swayed easily by the rhetoric of politicians.
Democracy disappeared for over 1,500 years following its demise in Athens and it was only then that its slow evolution began in England and spread to other parts of the world. Doubts regarding its efficacy persisted but were countered by arguments that it was the worst form of government except for all others. Not that this was considered universally applicable. During colonialism it was asserted that natives were not ready for democracy. Similar reservations regarding the developing world persisted beyond the end of colonialism. In the 1990s, the late Richard Hol­brooke was reported to have said: “Suppose elections are free and fair and those elected are racists, fascists, separatists — that is the dilemma.” We rightly attribute these attitudes to the realpolitik that rationalised empire-buil…

Declining Political Role of Religion in the life of people now مذہبیت ، سیکولر ازم اور ترقی

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Long shadow of the Enlightenment:

IN a recent survey, more people in the UK ticked the ‘none of the above’ box when asked about their faith than those who chose a belief from all those mentioned. For the first time, more Britons declared themselves to be non-believers than those who asserted their belief in Christianity. This is a significant shift in a country whose official faith is identified with the Church of England. Keep readinng >>>>>

برطانیہ میں کیے گئے ایک حالیہ سروے میں عوام نے دیے گئے تمام آپشنز کو مسترد کرتے ہوئے ''ان میں سے کوئی نہیں ‘‘ کے آپشن پر نشان لگایا۔ اُن سے پوچھا گیا سوال یہ تھا کہ وہ جس عقیدے پر ایمان رکھتے ہیں، اُسے مارک کریں۔ شاید تاریخ میں پہلی مرتبہ ایسا ہوا تھا کہ برطانوی افراد نے خو دکو مسیحی پیروکار ہونے کی بجائے ''بے دین ‘‘ قرار دیا تھا۔ یہ ایک ایسے ملک میں ہونے والی بہت بڑی پیش رفت ہے جس کے سرکاری مذہب کو چرچ آف انگلینڈ کے ساتھ وابستہ کیا گیا تھا۔  باعمل عیسائیوں کی تعداد میں کمی کا اظہار اتوار کو ملک بھر کے چرچوں میں خ…